Does Gen Z Care About Sustainability? Stats & Facts in 2022
From teenage climate activists to youth-led movements fighting for a greener future, Generation Z is at the forefront of the climate change discussion. A generation that has grown up under the shadow of climate change and global warming, how much does Gen Z care about sustainability?
Is this generation walking the walk as well as talking the talk when it comes to building a green future?
Who is Gen Z?
Generation Z refers to those born between 1997 and 2012. So, as of 2022, if you are between the ages of ten and twenty-five then you can proudly call yourself a member of Generation Z.
As this generation ages, the influence it holds will continue to grow. In many regions around the world Gen Zers are just coming of age to vote, and the purchasing power the cohort commands is increasing as its members get older.
Gen Z is on the cusp of being able to shape what the future of the world looks like and what values will be promoted over the next thirty years. Climate change and global warming are in a critical stage over this same thirty-year period. How this younger generation responds to the challenges that it has inherited will shape the future of our planet.
So, Does Gen Z Care about Sustainability?
Does the youth of the world care about saving its environment, climate and future? In short, yes. Youth activists Greta Thunberg, Jamie Margolin and Xiuhtezcatl Roske-Martinez, to name just a few, are already taking up the fight against sustainable injustices before they have even hit twenty-five. Their peers are joining these movements to try and create a better future.
Surveys have found Gen Zers list climate change and global warming as their top concern. The group has also reported higher levels of anxiety related to the climate and environment than those that came before them. Reports have found a huge 71% of Gen Z find their future to be worrisome or frightening.
This emerging generation also has a more comprehensive view of what sustainability means. 48% of Gen X claimed that sustainability meant, ‘products made from recycled, sustainable and naturally-harvested fibres and materials.’ However, close to 50% of Generation Z also took into account sustainable manufacturing when defining what sustainable products are.
Social values important too
This spotlight on environmental ethics also shines on social ethics and social responsibility.
75% of Gen Z respondents to one survey stated that they wanted to see brands ensuring employee and consumer safety. In another survey, 60% of respondents considered brands’ commitments to diversity and inclusion when making purchasing decisions. Furthermore, 70% were influenced by fair wages when choosing where to spend their money.
Which Generation Cares the Most?
From Baby Boomers to Generation Z, who cares the most about sustainability and environmental issues?
It may not come as a great surprise that reports point to the fact that Gen Z does care about sustainability more than its forebears. 37% of Gen Z in the United States claimed that addressing climate change was their top personal concern. This is compared to just 27% of Gen X and 29% of Boomers.
When it comes to sustainability in purchase decision making, Gen Z consumers also come out on top. 54% of Gen Z will pay 10% more on a sustainable product, compared to 50% of millennials and just 23% of Baby Boomers.
Of course, like with any generation, there will be exceptions to this rule. Some baby boomers are most certainly doing their bit for sustainability and there are a few Gen Zs out there that are dropping the proverbial ball. However, overall, the reports all point to Gen Z caring more about sustainability than previous generations.
How Social Media influences gen z
Gen Z is the social media generation. The oldest in the Gen Z cohort was only seven when Facebook was invented while the youngest of the group would never have known a world without iPhones. Growing up in a world of social media has impacted how Gen Z shops and its relationship with fashion.
Social media and fashion are so intertwined in the Gen Z world that 97% use it as their primary source for fashion inspiration. However, while social media platforms are a way for young people to spread sustainable messages and information, living life online also has a dark side.
As dressing to go out is increasingly becoming dressing to be seen on social media, the pressure to avoid outfit repetition grows. 41% of 18-25 year olds have reported pressure to wear a different outfit each time they go out. This attitude has complicated the relationship with sustainable fashion and feeds into a fast fashion mindset.
What About Gen Z’s Relationship with Fast Fashion?
Where Gen Z’s sustainable outlook comes under threat is from the rise of fast fashion. Despite their sustainable outlook and desire for sustainable clothes, this conscious generation still has a love for cheap and convenient fashion. A 2020 study found that more than half of Gen Z in the study bought clothing from fast fashion brands.
Gen Z’s fast fashion habits are in constant conflict with its sustainable ideologies. While 44% of Brits between 16 and 19 admitted to owning clothes they had never worn, 70% claimed that sustainability is an important factor in their consumer decision making.
So, is Gen Z all talk and no action? While the fast fashion statistics are troubling, there is no doubt that this is a group of people that care about sustainable practices.
Demanding Sustainability from the fashion industry
This younger generation is putting pressure on the fashion industry to change its unsustainable habits. Millennials and Generation Z are the most likely to make purchases based on values. One recent study found that 75% of Gen Z participants claimed that sustainability was more important in purchase decision making than the brand.
The pressure for sustainable purchases has even led some big-name brands to improve their sustainability activities. Levi’s has incorporated science-based practices to reduce greenhouse gas emissions, Burberry has participated in donating left-over fabric instead of burning it, and even ASOS has released recycled ranges.
Money talks and the more the emerging Gen Z market demands sustainable options through their buying power, the more brands will be forced to update their business models to survive.
Living Sustainable Lives
Not content with just sustainable shopping, “generation green” is also striving to live a sustainable lifestyle.
Gen Z shows an increased desire to work in sustainable fields, holds employers more accountable for sustainability and chooses to study sustainability-related topics. Studies in 2021 found that 64% of 18-22 year olds consider it important for their employers to act sustainably. Over half also claimed that they would stay with an employer longer if they acted responsibly.
Diet and family choices
Moving away from the work spectrum, Gen Z members are also more likely to adopt a plant-based diet to limit their environmental effects. Everything down to family planning is impacted by climate change in the Gen Z world. A study in England found that 41% of 16 to 24 year olds participants are hesitant to have children because of the impacts of climate change.
Gen Z’s Green Future
There is no doubt that the climate crisis has played, and will continue to play, a significant part in the lives of Generation Z. From fires, floods and famines, the planetary damage that this generation will inherit will be something that will continue to shape their worldview and impact how they live their lives.
However, what Gen Z has emerged as is a generation that cares. While it may not yet have the perfect solution, the answer to the question does Gen Z care about sustainability is a resounding yes.
The more we all care about sustainable solutions, the closer those sustainable solutions become. With this generation forging a new sustainable future, clearer skies, greener forests and cleaner oceans are, maybe, within reach.